Jafar, also known as Amar, is an al-Shabaab facilitator and operational planner. He has served as a deputy to Abdikadir Mohamed Abdikadir, AKA Ikrima.
Al-Shabaab was the militant wing of the Somali Council of Islamic courts that took over most of southern Somalia in the second half of 2006. Al-Shabaab has continued its violent insurgency in southern and central Somalia. The group has claimed responsibility for many bombings – including various types of suicide attacks – in Mogadishu and in central and northern Somalia, typically targeting Somali government officials and perceived allies of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia. Al-Shabaab was responsible for the twin suicide bombings in Kampala, Uganda, on July 11, 2010, which killed more than 70 people, including one American. The group has also assassinated Somali peace activists, international aid workers, numerous civil society figures, and journalists.
The U.S. Department of State named al-Shabaab a Foreign Terrorist Organization under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as amended) on February 26, 2008, and a Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity under Executive Order 13224 on February 29, 2008. In February 2012, al-Shabaab and al-Qaida announced their formal alliance.